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What are the conditions for 5G PCB welding and the reasons for copper rejection of PCB
26Nov
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What are the conditions for 5G PCB welding and the reasons for copper rejection of PCB

What are the conditions for 5G PCB welding and the reasons for copper rejection of PCB

PCB manufacturing, PCB design and PCBA processing manufacturers explain to you the conditions for 5G PCB welding and the reasons for copper rejection of PCB

Welding is a very important process in 5G PCB proofing. What are the requirements for 5G PCB welding?

1. The weldment has good weldability

The so-calLED solderability refers to the performance of the alloy that can form a good combination between the metal material to be welded and the soldering tin at an appropriate temperature. Not all metals have good weldability. In order to improve solderability, measures such as surface tin plating and silver plating can be taken to prevent material surface oxidation.

2. Keep the surface of weldment clean

In order to achieve a good combination of solder and weldment, the welding surface must be kept clean. Even weldments with good weldability may produce oxide film and oil stain harmful to infiltration on the surface of weldments due to storage or contamination. The dirty film must be removed before welding, otherwise the welding quality cannot be guaranteed.


printed circuit boards


3. Use a suitable flux

The function of the flux is to remove the oxide film on the surface of the weldment. Different fluxes should be selected for different welding processes. When welding precision electronIC products such as printed circuit boards, rosin based flux is usually used to ensure reliable and stable welding.

4. The weldment shall be heated to proper temperature

Welding temperature is too low, which is unfavorable to the penetration of solder atoms and can not form alloy, so it is very easy to form faulty welding; If the welding temperature is too high, the solder will be in the non eutectic state, accelerating the decomposition and volatilization of the flux, reducing the quality of the solder, and in serious cases, the solder pad on the printed circuit board will fall off.

5. Suitable welding time

Welding time refers to the time required for physical and chEMIcal changes in the whole welding process. When the welding temperature is determined, the appropriate welding time shall be determined according to the shape, nature and characteristics of the weldment. The welding time is too long, and the components or welding parts are vulnerable to damage; If it is too short, the welding requirements cannot be met. Generally, each welding point shall be welded once for a maximum of 5s.

These are the requirements for 5G PCB welding. I hope they can help you.

The PCB factory summarized the reasons for PCB copper rejection, mainly the following

When the copper wire of PCB falls off (that is to say, copper throwing), all PCB brands will argue that it is a laminate problem and ask their production plants to bear the bad losses. According to years of experience in handling customer complaints, common reasons for PCB copper throwing are as follows:

1、 Pcb factory process factors:

1. The copper foil is over etched. The electrolytic copper foil used in the MARKet is generally single-sided galvanized (commonly known as ashing foil) and single-sided copper plated (commonly known as reddening foil). The common copper rejection is generally more than 70um galvanized copper foil. There is basically no batch copper rejection for reddening foil and ashing foil below 18um. When the etched line is designed for the circuit, if the copper foil specification changes but the etching parameters remain unchanged, the copper foil will stay in the etching solution for a long time.

Because zinc is a kind of active metal, when the copper wire on PCB is immersed in etching solution for a long time, it will lead to excessive side erosion of the circuit, resulting in the complete reaction of some thin circuit zinc backing layers and separation from the substrate, that is, the copper wire falls off. Another situation is that there is no problem with the PCB etching parameters, but the water washing and drying after etching are not good, resulting in the copper wire being surrounded by the etching solution left on the PCB surface. If it is not treated for a long time, it will also cause excessive side erosion of the copper wire and copper throwing. This situation is generally concentrated on the thin wire road, or in wet weather, SIMilar defects will appear on the entire PCB. Peel off the copper wire to see that the color of its contact surface with the base layer (the so-called roughening surface) has changed, which is different from the color of the normal copper foil. What you can see is the color of the original copper at the bottom layer, and the peeling strength of the copper foil at the thick line is also normal.

2. PCB factory has local collision in the production process, and the copper wire is separated from the base material due to mechanical external force. This poor performance has positioning problems, and the detached copper wire will have obvious distortion, or scratches or impact marks in the same direction. Peel off the copper wire at the defective part and look at the rough surface of the copper foil. It can be seen that the color of the rough surface of the copper foil is normal, there is no side corrosion, and the peeling strength of the copper foil is normal.

3. PCB circuit design is unreasonable. Designing too thin lines with thick copper foil will also cause excessive etching and copper throwing.

2、 Reasons for laminate manufacturing process:

Under normal circumstances, as long as the hot pressing high temperature section of the laminate exceeds 30 minutes, the copper foil and the semi solidified sheet are basically combined, so the pressing generally does not affect the bonding force between the copper foil and the substrate in the laminate. However, in the process of laminating and stacking, if PP is polluted or the rough surface of the copper foil is damaged, the bonding force between the copper foil and the substrate after laminating will also be insufficient, resulting in positioning deviation (only for large plates) or sporadic copper wire falling off. However, there will be no abnormality in the peeling strength of the copper foil near the measuring line.

3、 Reasons for raw materials of laminate:

1. It is mentioned above that ordinary electrolytic copper foil is the product that has been galvanized or copper plated with rough foil. If the peak value of the rough foil is abnormal during production, or the coating crystal branch is poor during galvanizing/copper plating, resulting in insufficient peeling strength of the copper foil itself. When the defective foil is pressed into a PCB and inserted in the electronics factory, the copper wire will fall off under the impact of external forces. This kind of poor copper throwing will not cause obvious side corrosion when peeling off the copper wire to see the rough surface of the copper foil (that is, the contact surface with the base material), but the peeling strength of the entire copper foil will be very poor.

2. Poor adaptability of copper foil and resin: some laminates with special properties, such as HTG sheet, are now used. Due to different resin systems, the curing agent used is generally PN resin. The resin molecular chain structure is simple, and the degree of crosslinking during curing is low. Therefore, copper foil with special peak value must be used to match it. When the copper foil used by the PCB factory in the production of the laminate does not match the resin system, the peeling strength of the sheet metal foil is not enough, and the copper wire will fall off during the plug-in. PCB manufacturers, PCB designers and PCBA processors will explain to you the conditions for 5G PCB welding and the reasons for copper rejection of PCB.

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