Do you make three reasons for PCB copper strip falling off?
PCB manufacturing, PCB design and PCBA processing manufacturers explain to you the three main reasons for PCB copper strip falling off Do you make it?
The copper wire of PCB falls off (also known as copper throwing). PCB manufacturers say it is a laminate problem and require their production plants to bear the bad losses. According to customer complaint handling experience, common reasons for copper rejection in PCB plants are as follows:
1、 PCB factory process factors
The copper foil is excessively etched. The electrolytic copper foil used in the market is generally single-sided galvanized (commonly known as ashing foil) and single-sided copper plated (commonly known as reddening foil). The common copper throwing is generally more than 70um galvanized copper foil, and the reddening foil and the ashing foil below 18um have basically no batch copper throwing.
When the customer's circuit has designed the etched line, if the copper foil specification has changed but the etching parameters have not changed, the copper foil will stay in the etching solution for a long time. As zinc is originally a kind of active metal, when the copper wire on the LED advertising screen PCB is immersed in the etching solution for a long time, it will inevitably lead to excessive side erosion of the line, resulting in the complete reaction of some thin line zinc backing layers and separation from the substrate, that is, the copper wire falls off.
Another situation is that there is no problem with PCB etching parameters, but after etching, the copper wire is also surrounded by the residual etching solution on the PCB surface due to poor water washing and drying. If the copper wire is not treated for a long time, it will also cause excessive side etching of the copper wire and copper throwing. This situation is generally manifested as concentrated on the thin line road, or in wet weather, similar defects will appear on the entire PCB. Peel off the copper wire to see that the color of its contact surface with the base layer (the so-called roughening surface) has changed, which is different from the color of the normal copper foil. What you see is the color of the original copper at the bottom layer, and the peeling strength of the copper foil at the thick line is also normal.
2. Local collision occurs in the PCB process of LED advertising screen, and the copper wire is separated from the substrate by external mechanical force. This defect is characterized by poor positioning or orientation, and the detached copper wire will have obvious distortion, or scratches/impact marks in the same direction. Peel off the copper wire at the defective part and look at the rough surface of the copper foil. It can be seen that the color of the rough surface of the copper foil is normal, there is no side corrosion, and the peeling strength of the copper foil is normal.
3. The PCB circuit design of LED advertising screen is unreasonable. If the circuit is designed too thin with thick copper foil, it will also cause excessive etching of the circuit and copper throwing.
2、 Reasons for laminate manufacturing process
Under normal circumstances, as long as the high temperature section of the laminate is hot pressed for more than 30min, the copper foil and the prepreg will be basically bonded, so the bonding will not affect the bonding force between the copper foil and the substrate in the laminate generally. However, in the process of laminating and stacking, if PP is polluted or the rough surface of the copper foil is damaged, the bonding force between the copper foil and the substrate after laminating will also be insufficient, resulting in positioning (only for large plates) or sporadic copper wire falling off. However, there will be no abnormality in the peeling strength of the copper foil near the measuring line.
3、 Reasons for raw materials of laminate
It is mentioned on the LED advertising screen that ordinary electrolytic copper foils are all products that have been galvanized or copper plated with rough foils. If the peak value is abnormal during the production of rough foils, or the coating crystal branch is poor during the galvanizing/copper plating, resulting in insufficient peeling strength of the copper foil itself. When the defective foil is pressed into a PCB and inserted in the electronics factory, the copper wire will fall off under the impact of external forces. Such poor copper throwing will not cause obvious side erosion after peeling off the copper wire to see the rough surface of the copper foil (i.e. the contact surface with the base material), but the peeling strength of the entire copper foil will be very poor.
2. Poor adaptability of copper foil and resin for LED advertising screen: Due to different resin systems, the curing agent used for some laminates with special properties, such as HTg sheet, is generally PN resin. The resin has simple molecular chain structure and low crosslinking degree during curing. Therefore, it is inevitable to use copper foil with special peak value to match it. When the copper foil is used in the production of the laminate, it does not match the resin system, resulting in insufficient peeling strength of the metal foil on the sheet, and poor copper wire falling off during the plug-in. PCB manufacturing, PCB design and PCBA processing manufacturers explain to you the three main reasons for PCB copper strip falling off Do you make it?