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Die cutting auxiliary materials commonly used in FPC circuit board production
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Die cutting auxiliary materials commonly used in FPC circuit board production

FPC circuit board is also called flexible circuit board, It is referred to as "flexible board", commonly known as FPC in the industry, which is a flexible insulating substrate (mainly polyimide or polyester film) The printed circuit board made of FPC has many advantages that hard printed circuit boards do not have, such as free bending, winding and folding. The volume of electronic products can be greatly reduced by using FPC, which is suitable for the development of electronic products in the direction of high-density, miniaturization and high reliability. Therefore, FPC is used in aerospace, military, mobile communication, laptop, computer peripherals, PDA Digital cameras and other fields or products have been widely used.

FPC circuit board production

The process of circuit board production is complex. From material opening and drilling to packaging and shipping, there are more than 20 processes required. In this long process, according to customer needs, a variety of auxiliary materials will be used. The base material of FPC is generally double-sided or single-sided copper foil, which is the basis of the whole FPC and determines the electrical performance of FPC. Other auxiliary materials are only used to assist installation and adapt to the use environment. They are mainly as follows:

pcb board

1. FR4 is hard, with different thicknesses of 0.15-2.0mm. It is mainly used on the reverse side of FPC welding as a reinforcement, which is convenient for stable and reliable welding;

FR-4 is a code for the grade of fire-resistant material, which means that the resin material must be able to extinguish itself after burning. It is not a material name, but a material grade. Therefore, there are many kinds of FR-4 materials used for general circuit boards, But most of them are composites made of so-called Tera Function epoxy resin, filler and glass fiber.

2. PI adhesive tape - soft and bendable, mainly used for thickening and strengthening the golden finger area, easy to plug;

PI tape, full name is polyimide tape. PI adhesive tape is based on polyimide film and adopts imported silicone pressure-sensitive adhesive. It has the properties of high and low temperature resistance, acid and alkali resistance, solvent resistance, electrical insulation (Class H), radiation resistance, etc. It is suitable for shielding wave soldering tin of electronic circuit boards, protecting gold finger and high-grade electrical insulation, motor insulation, and fixing positive and negative electrode lugs of lithium batteries.

3. Steel sheet - hard in texture, with the same function as FR4. It is used for reinforcement of welding points. It is more beautiful than FR4 and can be grounded. Its hardness is higher than FR4;

The steel sheet is made of original imported stainless steel after heat treatment and fine grinding. It has the characteristics of high precision, strong tension, good finish, toughness and not easy to break.

4. TPX glue barrier film - a high-performance high temperature resistant resin barrier release film, used in the circuit board pressing process. It is specially designed for PCB process, and can be used in multiple laminating processes to block resin overflowing buried holes and blind through holes. It has good glue barrier and plug hole effects.

5. EIM electromagnetic film - pasted on the surface of FPC to shield signal interference;

EIM electromagnetic film is a method of vacuum sputtering, which can be coated with shielding materials on different substrates (PET/PC/glass, etc.) to achieve EMI shielding with extremely low resistance.

6. Conductive adhesive - used for connection and pressing of steel sheet and FPC, conducting electricity and realizing the grounding function of steel sheet;

Conductive adhesive is a kind of adhesive with certain conductivity after curing or drying. It is mainly composed of resin matrix, conductive particles, dispersion additives, additives, etc. It can connect a variety of conductive materials together to form an electrical path between the connected materials. In the electronic industry, conductive adhesive has become an indispensable new material.

7. 3M adhesive tape - mainly used for pasting FR4 and FPC with a thickness of 0.4mm and above, and for assembling and fixing FPC and customer products;

The use of FPC auxiliary materials is ultimately determined according to the customer's use environment and functional requirements.

Just upload Gerber files, BOM files and design files, and the KINGFORD team will provide a complete quotation within 24h.