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Characteristics and varieties of circuit board composite base copper clad laminate
28Nov
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Characteristics and varieties of circuit board composite base copper clad laminate

CharacteristICs and varieties of circuit board composite base copper clad laminate


PCB manufacturers, PCB designers and PCBA manufacturers explain the characteristics and main varieties of PCB composite base copper clad laminate


In the early 1960s, CCL manufacturers in the United States developed CEM-1 products to solve the cracking problem of paper-based CCL during punching and shearing. In the 1970s, CEM-3 products began to be listed in Europe, America, Japan and other countries.


The rigid copper clad laminate made of different reinforced materials is calLED composite CCL. This type of CCL is mainly the CEM series copper clad laminate in NEMA/ANSI standard. In the CEM series, CEM-1 and CEM-3 are the most common varieties. At the initial stage of the development and publication of CEM series composite matrix CCL, there was also a copper clad laminate with epoxy fiberglass paper as the reinforcement and epoxy resin as the main resin. It is called CEM-4. The difference between CEM-4 and CEM-3 lies in two aspects: there is no surface layer of epoxy glass fiber cloth like CEM-3 on both sides of the board; Non flame retardant.


multilayer boards


In addition, there are composite base copper clad plates of CRM series. It is a copper clad laminate with a composite base composed of polyester glass fiber cloth as the fabric and polyester fiber paper as the core material. The flame retardant copper clad laminate is called CRM-7, and the non flame retardant laminate is called CRM-8.


At present, the application MARKet of CEM-4 and CRM series composite base copper clad laminate is very SMAll. Therefore, the commonly called composite base copper clad laminate mainly refers to the two most common types of copper clad laminate, CEM-1 and CEM-3. The model of CEM-1 board in IPC-4101 standard is NO.10 board, and the model in JIS standard is CPE1F board. The model of CEM-3 board in IPC-4101 standard is NO.12 board, and the model in JIS standard is CGE3F board.


CEM series composite base CCL is between epoxy glass fiber cloth based CCL and phenolic paper based CCL in terms of mechanical properties and manufacturing costs. After more than 30 years of continuous improvement on the performance of composite CCL resin, the current electrical performance of CEM-3 CCL is no less than that of common FR-4 glass fiber cloth based epoxy CCL. CEM series composite base copper clad laminate can be punched or mechanically drilled. Among them, CEM-3 is superior to FR-4 in mechanical drilling machinability. Some CEM-3 products are superior to common FR-4 products in terms of CTI resistance, dimensional accuracy and dimensional stability of plates. With the development of halogen-free CCL in recent years, among the three conventional types of CCL (glass fiber cloth based CCL, paper based CCL and composite based CCL), CEM-3 CCL is the most easily halogen-free CCL. This is superior to its resin composition. In the presence of fillers, it is easy to achieve bromine free flame retardancy. At the same time, after realizing halogen-free, its performance has little difference with the original traditional halogen-containing CEM-3.


Using CEM-3 and CEM-3 to replace FR-4 substrate material to make double-sided PCB has been widely used in Japan, Europe, America and other countries and regions. CEM-1 is mainly used in tuning substrate, game console substrate, civil measuring instrument substrate, power supply substrate, etc. CEM-3 is mainly used in PCBs for electronic computers, copiers, minicomputers, washing machines, air conditioners, refrigerators, automotive electronic products, electronic tuners, etc. Some manufacturers also use CEM-3 for the manufacture of multilayer boards. PCB manufacturers, PCB designers and PCBA processors will explain the characteristics and main varieties of PCB composite base copper clad laminate.

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