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Engineering Technology
22Apr

The relationship between current and line width in PCB design

On PCB wire width and current of the empirical formula, the relationship table and software on the Internet are a lot, this paper put the online collated, aimed at the majority of engineers in the design of PCB board to provide convenience.

The following summarizes the relationship between eight kinds of current and line width formula, table and calculation formula, although they are different (roughly similar), but you can in the actual PCB board design, comprehensive consideration of the size of the PCB board, through the current, choose a suitable line width.

1. PCB current and line width

The calculation of PCB current-carrying capacity has been lacking of authoritative technical methods and formulas. Experienced CAD engineers can make more accurate judgment by relying on their personal experience. But for CAD novices, it is not a problem.

The current carrying capacity of PCB depends on the following factors: wire width, wire thickness (copper foil thickness), allowable temperature rise. As we all know, the wider the PCB line, the greater the current carrying capacity. Given the same conditions, 10MIL can withstand 1A, then 50MIL can withstand what current, 5A? The answer, of course, is no. Please take a look at the following data provided by international authorities:

Data provided:

The unit of line width is Inch (1inch=2.54cm=25.4mm).

Data source: MIL-STD-275 Printed Wiring for Electronic Equipment

Second, PCB design copper platinum thickness, line width and current relationship

Before understanding the PCB design copper platinum thickness, line width and current relationship, let's understand the conversion between the PCB copper thickness in ounces, inches and millimeters: "In many data tables, PCB copper thickness is often used in ounces, and its conversion relationship with inches and millimeters is as follows:

1 oz = 0.0014 inches = 0.0356 mm (mm)

2 oz = 0.0028 in = 0.0712 mm (mm)

The ounce is a unit of weight, which can be converted to millimeters because the copper thickness of the pcb is ounces per square inch

PCB design copper platinum thickness, line width and current relationship table

The empirical formula can also be used to calculate :0.15× linewidth (W)=A

The above data are the line current bearing values at the temperature of 25 ° C.

Conductor impedance :0.0005×L/W(line length/line width)

In addition, the relationship between the current carrying value of the wire and the number of holes in the wire pad

Wire current bearing value and the number of wire wire hole welding pad exists a direct relationship (at present did not find the welding pad and hole aperture per square millimeter on the line bearing value of the calculation formula, have a heart of friends can find their own, personal is not too clear, not to explain) here only to do some simple influence on the line current bearing value of the main factors.

1. The bearing value listed in the table data is the maximum current bearing value that can be borne at room temperature of 25 degrees. Therefore, various factors such as environment, manufacturing process, plate process, plate quality and so on should be considered in the actual design. So the table is provided only as a reference value.