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A Method to Quickly Detect PCB Faults
05Dec
Summer 0 Comments

A Method to Quickly Detect PCB Faults

Making a PCB is not a SIMple process to complete the board, just drill a hole to make components. It is not diffICult to make a PCB. The difficulty lies in troubleshooting after the completion of manufacturing. Whether you are an individual enthusiast or an industry engineer, you also have a headache when you encounter problems with PCB debugging, just like a programmer encounters a bug.


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Some people have a strong interest in debugging PCB, just like programmers solving bugs. Common problems include circuit board design, damage of electronIC components, circuit short circuit, quality of components, and broken PCB circuit board.

Common PCB failures mainly focus on components, such as capacitors, resistors, inductors, diodes, triodes, FETs, etc. The integrated chips and crystal oscillators are obviously damaged, and the more intuitive way to judge these component failures can be observed through eyes. The surface of electronic components with obvious damage has obvious burning MARKs. Such faults can be solved by directly replacing the faulty components with new ones.

Of course, not all damage of electronic components can be observed with the naked eye. For example, the resistance, capacitance, diode and triode, etc. mentioned above, in some cases, the damage cannot be seen from the surface, and needs to be repaired with professional inspection tools. Common inspection uses include multimeter, capacitance meter, etc. When it is detected that the voltage or current of an electronic component is not within the normal range, It indicates that there is a problem with this component or the previous component. Replace it directly and check whether it is normal.

If a component is broken, it can be detected either by eye observation or by instrument detection. However, sometimes when we install components on a PCB, we encounter the situation that the problem cannot be detected, but the circuit board cannot work normally. Many novices have no choice but to make a new board or buy one. In fact, in many cases, the performance of components may be unstable due to the coordination of various components during installation.

In this case, the instrument has been unable to help. You can try to judge the possible range of faults according to the current and voltage, and try to reduce it as much as possible. An experienced engineer may be able to quickly determine the fault area, but it is not 100% sure which specific component is broken. The only way is to try to replace the suspect component until the problem component is found. Belonging to Qinji Group, Baineng is a leading electronic industry service platform in China. It provides online components, sensor procurement, PCB customization, BOM distribution, material selection and other complete solutions for the electronic industry supply chain, meeting the comprehensive needs of SMAll and medium-sized customers in the electronic industry in a one-stop manner.

All the above are problems of electronic components. Of course, since PCB is the foothold of components, PCB failures must also exist. The simplest example is the dead tin part. Due to the manufacturing process, wire breakage may occur during PCB corrosion. In this case, if the wire cannot be patched, the problem can only be solved with fine copper wire flying wire.

When the PCB failure is not obviously damaged, it is really troublesome to find it. In the process of troubleshooting, there will be a sense of concentration. After the problem is found, there will be an inexplicable sense of achievement. Programmers should be in the same mood when solving bugs. I think it is fun.

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