Everyone knows how to prevent PCB bending and board warping from going through the reflow soldering Here is an explanation for everyone:
1. Reduce the influence of temperature on PCB board stress
Since “temperature” is the main source of board stress, as long as the temperature of the reflow oven is lowered or the rate of heating and cooling of the board in the reflow oven is slowed, the occurrence of plate bending and warping can be greatly reduced. However, other side effects may occur, such as solder short circuit.
2. Using high Tg material
Tg is the glass transition temperature, that is, the temperature at which the material changes from the glass state to the rubber state. The lower the Tg value of the material, the faster the board begins to soften after entering the reflow oven, and the time it takes to become soft rubber state It will also become longer, and the deformation of the board will of course be more serious. Using a higher Tg sheet can increase its ability to withstand stress and deformation, but the price of the material is relatively high.
3. Increase the thickness of the circuit board
In order to achieve thinner and lighter goals for many electronic products, the thickness of the board has been left 1.0mm, 0.8mm, or even 0.6mm. Such a thickness is really difficult to keep the board from deforming after the reflow oven. It is recommended that if there is no requirement for lightness and thinness, the thickness of the board should be 1.6mm, which can greatly reduce the risk of bending and deformation of the board.
4. Reduce the size of the circuit board and reduce the number of puzzles
Since most of the reflow oven use chains to drive the circuit board forward, the larger the size of the circuit board will be due to its own weight, dent and deformation in the reflow oven, so try to put the long side of the circuit board as the edge of the board. On the chain of the reflow oven, the depression and deformation caused by the weight of the circuit board can be reduced. The reduction in the number of panels is also based on this reason. That is to say, when passing the furnace, try to use the narrow edge to pass the furnace direction as far as possible. The amount of depression deformation.
5. Used oven tray fixture
If the above methods are difficult to achieve, the last is to use a reflow carrier/template to reduce the amount of deformation. The reason why the reflow carrier/template can reduce the bending of the plate is because whether it is thermal expansion or cold contraction, the tray is desired You can fix the circuit board and wait until the temperature of the circuit board is lower than the Tg value and start to harden again, and the size of the garden can be maintained.
If the single-layer pallet cannot reduce the deformation of the circuit board, a cover must be added to clamp the circuit board with the upper and lower pallets, which can greatly reduce the problem of circuit board deformation through the reflow oven. However, this oven tray is quite expensive, and manual labor is required to place and recycle the trays.
6. Use Router instead of V-Cut’s sub-board
Since V-Cut will destroy the structural strength of the board between the circuit boards, try not to use the V-Cut sub-board or reduce the depth of the V-Cut.